The Pyramid Texts of UNAS

by Wim van den Dungen

Burial-Chamber l Passage-way l Antechamber l Corridor l Serdab

introduction l English text l commentary



West Gable
(247 - 253)

"<" or ">" between numbers = sequence of the text
"<" from right to left (facing right) or ">" from left to right (facing left)


adapted from the pictures of L.F. Husson in :
Piankoff, A. : The Pyramid of Unas, Bollingen Series, 1968.

to download a larger picture click here
the text reads from right to left


{...}  :  restored passage
<...> : conjectured translation of unknown word
(...)   : words added to bring out the sense and/or to clarify

The first number given, is the ordinal position of the utterance in the present English version of the 228 utterances of the Unas text, while the second is the traditional enumeration of the sayings by Sethe.

The King emerges from the Duat

(247) Osiris King Unas risen by Horus : making an Akh emerge from the Duat

by the priest

To say the words :
"Your son Horus has done this for You !"

The Great Ones will tremble,
having seen the knife which is in your hand,
when You ascend from the Duat !

Greetings to You, O Wise One !
Geb has created You !
The Ennead has borne You !

Horus has become pleased with his father !
Atum has become pleased with his years !
The gods of East and West have become pleased with the great thing which came into being in his embrace : the birth of the god !

by Horus

O King Unas, O King Unas, see !
O King Unas, O King Unas, look !
O King Unas, O King Unas, hear !
O King Unas, O King Unas, be !
O King Unas, O King Unas, raise yourself from your side !

So do as I command !
You who hate sleep, but who were made limp.
Arise, You in Nedit !
Your good bread has been prepared in Pe !
Take your control of Heliopolis !

It is Horus (who speaks), having been commanded to help his father.
As for the Lord of Storm,
the one with spittle near him, Seth -
he will bear You : he is the one who will bear Atum !

The true destiny of the King is Solar

King Unas' stellar destiny revealed

by the priest

To say the words :
King Unas is a Great One !
King Unas has come out between the thighs of the Ennead.
King Unas was conceived by Sekhmet, and Shezmetet bore the King,
a star with a sharp front and far-travelling,
who brings what the above has for Re daily.
King Unas has come to his throne with the Two Ladies on it.
King Unas has appeared as a star.

166 (249) the Living Horus is the Solar Child Nefertem

by the King

To say the words :
O You two fighters, tell the Noble One, whoever he may be, that I, King Unas, am this water-lily which sprang up clean from the Earth.
I have been received by him who prepared my throne.
I am at the nose of the controlling power.
I have come from the Island of Fire.
I have set Maat in it in the place of disorder.
I am on my way to the linen garments which the Uraei guard on the night of the great flood which came forth from the great goddess.
I appear as Nefertem, as the water-lily at the nose of Re, as he emerges from the horizon daily, the one at the sight of whom the gods become cleansed !

167 (250) the King as understanding and wisdom in the Sunboat

by the priest

To say the words :
This is King Unas who is in charge of Kas, who unites hearts for the Great One in charge of wisdom, the one who bears the divine scroll - Sia, at the West of Re.

by the King

I, King Unas, have come to my throne which is in charge of Kas.
I will join minds, You in charge of wisdom, (being) great !
I will become Sia who bears the divine scroll,
who is at the West of Re, tended by my hand.
I say what is on the mind of the Great One on the Festival of the Red Linen.

That is King Unas, I am Sia who is at the West of Re,
<reserved> of heart,
at the fore of the Cavern of Nun.

Final goodbye to the Duat

address of the King to the stars & gods of the Duat

by the King

To say the words :
O You who are in charge of the hours, who precede Re, make way for me so that I, King Unas, may pass within the Circuit of Warlike-Face.

I am off to this throne of mine, foremost of thrones, (as) one who is behind the <great> god, with a set head adorned with a sharp strong antelope horn, as one who carries a sharp knife which cuts throats, (a horn) that removes strife from the head of the bull and makes those in darkness quiver, a strong horn behind the great god.

I have subdued those who were caught, I have smitten their heart.
My arm cannot be opposed in the horizon.

The King merges with Re

the King united with Re

by the priest

To say the words :
Lift up your face, You gods in the Duat,
for King Unas has come
that You might see him changed into the great god.

King Unas is ushered in trembling.
King Unas is robed as Lord of You All !
King Unas will govern the people.
King Unas will judge the living within the shore of Re.
King Unas will speak with Him who judged between the two gods at the clean shore in which he has made his dwelling.
King Unas has (the icon of) power on his head.
King Unas wields the Ames-staff and it causes respect for King Unas.
King Unas will sit with the rower of the bark of Re.
When King Unas commands what is good, he will do it.
King Unas is the great god.

The Duat purified the King

the title of the King lifted up by Shu

by the priest

To say the words :
Someone has become clean in the Field of Reeds !
Re has become clean in the Field of Reeds.

Someone has become clean in the Field of Reeds !
This King Unas has become clean in the Field of Reeds.
The title of this King Unas is given by Re.
O Nut, take his title !
O Shu, lift it up !
O Shu, lift it up !

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initiated : 18 VI 2006 - 29 VI 2012 - version n°3

© Wim van den Dungen